Plant Identification Database:
Scrophulariaceae (Snapdragon)
Order: Scrophulariales; Class: Dicotyledonae

The plant data on this site are a record of Bob Ronnow's field observations
which vary in accuracy and change with experience. For accurate and complete
information please use the links provided for each plant species and family.

Plant Families
Glossary of Botanical Terms

CLASSIFICATION
LEAVES
FLOWERS
FRUIT
STEM
ECOLOGY
CLASSIFICATION
Common Name (Image)
Scientific Name (Notes)
Genus
LV: Attachment
LV: Shape
LV: Edge
LV: Apex/Base
LV: Size/Surface
FL: Petals/Sepals
FL: Color
FL: Arrangement
FL: Size/Season
FL: Stamen/Pistil/Ovary
FR: Type
FR: Color
FR: Size/Season
ST: Type/Size/Growth
ST: Surface/Color
ST: Buds/Roots
EC: Edible
EC: Habitat
EC: Observations
Common Name (Image)
Scientific Name (Notes)
Other Names
Scrophulariaceae: LV: u. simple, exstipulate; FL: u. 5 parts, zygomorphic, u. 5 petals (2 above, 3 below) united tubular, u. 5 sepals, u. 4 stamens, ovary superior; FR: u. capsule; ST: herb/shrub; EC:
exstipulate u. simple P: u. 5 (2 above, 3 below), united, tubular, zygomorphic; S: u. 5 S: u. 4; O: superior Scrophulariaceae: LV: u. simple, exstipulate; FL: u. 5 parts, zygomorphic, u. 5 petals (2 above, 3 below) united tubular, u. 5 sepals, u. 4 stamens, ovary superior; FR: u. capsule; ST: herb/shrub; EC:
Annual paintbrush Castilleja exilis; Castilleja minor Castilleja red Capitol Reef NP UT Annual paintbrush Castilleja exilis; Castilleja minor lesser Indian paintbrush
Giant red paintbrush; Castilleja miniata Castilleja Alternate 3-lobed, Lanceolate Red, w/ yellow beak Spike, Terminal 1", May-Sept Herb, <3', Erect Lake Lundy CA, Ghost Ranch NM Giant red paintbrush; Castilleja miniata Scarlet paintbrush, giant red Indian paintbrush
Dwarf snapdragon Chaenorhinum minus Chaenorhinum Dwarf snapdragon Chaenorhinum minus
Turtlehead Chelone glabra Chelone Opposite Serrate Irregular White Spike >1" Turtlehead Chelone glabra
Beech-drops Epifagus virginiana Epifagus Beech-drops Epifagus virginiana
Eyebright Euphrasia nemorosa Euphrasia Eyebright Euphrasia nemorosa
Gerardia Gerardia maritima Gerardia Salt marsh Gerardia Gerardia maritima
Hedge-hyssop Gratiola aurea Gratiola Wetland Hedge-hyssop Gratiola aurea
Toadflax Linaria canadensis Linaria Toadflax Linaria canadensis
Butter and eggs Linaria vulgaris Linaria Roadside; Grasslands/Fields; Waste places Butter and eggs Linaria vulgaris
False pimpernel Lindernia dubia Lindernia False pimpernel Lindernia dubia
Cow-wheat Melampyrum lineare Melampyrum Forest Cow-wheat Melampyrum lineare
Common Name (Image)
Scientific Name (Notes)
Genus
LV: Attachment
LV: Shape
LV: Edge
LV: Apex/Base
LV: Size/Surface
FL: Petals/Sepals
FL: Color
FL: Arrangement
FL: Size/Season
FL: Stamen/Pistil/Ovary
FR: Type
FR: Color
FR: Size/Season
ST: Type/Size/Growth
ST: Surface/Color
ST: Buds/Roots
EC: Edible
EC: Habitat
EC: Observations
Common Name (Image)
Scientific Name (Notes)
Other Names
Monkeyflower Mimulus ringens Mimulus Monkeyflower Mimulus ringens
Lousewort Pedicularis canadensis Pedicularis Lousewort Pedicularis canadensis Wood betony
Goldenbeard penstemon Penstemon barbatus Penstemon opposite linear entire 2-5" tubular, P: 5, 2 above, 3 below reflexed red raceme, one side of rachis, drooping 1-1 1/2", Jun-Sep S: 5 herb, 1-3', erect Chavez Canyon NM Goldenbeard penstemon Penstemon barbatus Beardlip penstemon, Scarlet bugler
Foxglove beardtongue Penstemon digitalis Penstemon Foxglove beardtongue Penstemon digitalis White beard-tongue
Narrowleaf penstemon Penstemon linarioides Penstemon linear P: Tubular, 2 above, 3 below blue/violet long, narrow raceme 1", Jun-Aug herb, 2', erect San Juan NF CO Narrowleaf penstemon Penstemon linarioides Toadflax Beardtongue
Cliff penstemon Penstemon rupicola Penstemon Opposite Ovate finely Serrate <1" P: Tubular, 2 above, 3 below Red May-August S: 5 <1' Rocky slopes, cliffs Mammoth, CA Cliff penstemon Penstemon rupicola Rock penstemon
Scarlet bugler Penstemon subulatus Penstemon Sessile Lanceolate, grass-like Entire; Reflexed >1" P: Tubular Red Raceme, Terminal Glabrous Desert AZ Scarlet bugler Penstemon subulatus
Yellow-rattle Rhinanthus minor Rhinanthus Yellow-rattle Rhinanthus minor
Common mullein Verbascum thapsus Verbascum Tomentose 5 parts Yellow Spike Waste places; Grasslands/Fields Common mullein Verbascum thapsus woolley mullein, flannel mullein, American velvet plant, hag taper
American speedwell Veronica americana Veronica American speedwell Veronica americana
Corn speedwell Veronica arvensis Veronica Grassland/Fields Corn speedwell Veronica arvensis
Bird's-eye speedwell Veronica chamaedrys Veronica Bird's-eye speedwell Veronica chamaedrys
Common Name (Image)
Scientific Name (Notes)
Genus
LV: Attachment
LV: Shape
LV: Edge
LV: Apex/Base
LV: Size/Surface
FL: Petals/Sepals
FL: Color
FL: Arrangement
FL: Size/Season
FL: Stamen/Pistil/Ovary
FR: Type
FR: Color
FR: Size/Season
ST: Type/Size/Growth
ST: Surface/Color
ST: Buds/Roots
EC: Edible
EC: Habitat
EC: Observations
Common Name (Image)
Scientific Name (Notes)
Other Names
Common speedwell Veronica officinalis Veronica Common speedwell Veronica officinalis
Neckweed Veronica peregrina Veronica Roadside; Grassland/Fields Neckweed Veronica peregrina Purslane speedwell
Bird's eye speedwell Veronica persica Veronica Grassland/Fields Bird's eye speedwell Veronica persica
Marsh speedwell Veronica scutellata Veronica Marsh speedwell Veronica scutellata
Thyme-leaved speedwell Veronica serpyllifolia Veronica Grassland/Fields; Roadside Thyme-leaved speedwell Veronica serpyllifolia
Common Name (Image)
Scientific Name (Notes)
Genus
LV: Attachment
LV: Shape
LV: Edge
LV: Apex/Base
LV: Size/Surface
FL: Petals/Sepals
FL: Color
FL: Arrangement
FL: Size/Season
FL: Stamen/Pistil/Ovary
FR: Type
FR: Color
FR: Size/Season
ST: Type/Size/Growth
ST: Surface/Color
ST: Buds/Roots
EC: Edible
EC: Habitat
EC: Observations
Common Name (Image)
Scientific Name (Notes)
Other Names
CLASSIFICATION
LEAVES
FLOWERS
FRUIT
STEM
ECOLOGY
CLASSIFICATION