Plant Identification Database:
Ericaceae (Heath)
Vaccinioideae [Blueberry]
Order: Ericales; Class: Dicotyledonae

The plant data on this site are a record of Bob Ronnow's field observations
which vary in accuracy and change with experience. For accurate and complete
information please use the links provided for each plant species and family.

Plant Families
Glossary of Botanical Terms

CLASSIFICATION
LEAVES
FLOWERS
FRUIT
STEM
ECOLOGY
CLASSIFICATION
Common Name (Image)
Scientific Name (Notes)
Genus
LV: Attachment
LV: Shape
LV: Edge
LV: Apex/Base
LV: Size/Surface
FL: Petals/Sepals
FL: Color
FL: Arrangement
FL: Size/Season
FL: Stamen/Pistil/Ovary
FR: Type
FR: Color
FR: Size/Season
ST: Type/Size/Growth
ST: Surface/Color
ST: Buds/Roots
EC: Edible
EC: Habitat
EC: Observations
Common Name (Image)
Scientific Name (Notes)
Other Names
Ericaceae / Vaccinioideae: LV: simple; FL: petals united, sepals united, pendulous, u. urceolate, long style, spheric stigma, ovary inferior; FR: loculicidal capsule or berry; ST: shrub/vine/tree; EC: FR u. edible
simple P: united; S: united White; Orange; Red; Pink pendulous, u. urceolate S: few (<10); P: , long style, spheric stigma; O: inferior loculicidal capsule or berry shrub/vine/tree FR u. edible Wetland; Upland (woodland) Ericaceae / Vaccinioideae: LV: simple; FL: petals united, sepals united, pendulous, u. urceolate, long style, spheric stigma, ovary inferior; FR: loculicidal capsule or berry; ST: shrub/vine/tree; EC: FR u. edible
Bog rosemary Andromeda glaucophylla Andromeda Oblong; Linear Revolute Wetland Bog rosemary Andromeda glaucophylla
Arizona madrone Arbutus arizonica Arbutus Whorled, Petiole, Evergreen Whole, Oblong Entire; Serrate A: Acute; B: Acute >1", Glabrous 5 parts; P: Inflated White Terminal <1", Spring; Summer Red <1" Tree; Shrub, >6' Plated; Exfoliating, Red twigs Forest AZ Arizona madrone Arbutus arizonica
Green manzanita Arctostaphylos patula Arctostaphylos Alternate, Petiole Whole, Ovate Entire A: Acute; B: Acute >6" 5 parts Red/Pink/Orange; White Panicle, Drooping <1" Berry Red <1" Shrub, >12', Erect Red Fruit raw Grassland/Fields; Desert AZ Green manzanita Arctostaphylos patula
Pointleaf manzanita Arctostaphylos pungens Arctostaphylos Alternate, Petiole Whole, Ovate Entire A: Acuminate; B: Acute >6" Fruit raw Pointleaf manzanita Arctostaphylos pungens
Bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Arctostaphylos Alternate, Petiole short (<1/2 leaf length), Evergreen Whole, Spatulate Entire A: Acute; B: Acute <1" 5 parts; P: Sympetalous (united) White; Pink Raceme, Terminal, Clustered, Drooping <1", Spring Drupe (outer fleshy, inner bony, single seed) Red Summer; Fall Shrub, <1', Decumbent Exfoliating, Red Fruit raw Forest; Coastal Cape Cod Bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Kinnikinick; Mealberry; Hog cranberry; Bousserole
Leatherleaf Chamaedaphne calyculata Chamaedaphne Wetland Leatherleaf Chamaedaphne calyculata Cassandra
Trailing arbutus Epigaea repens Epigaea Alternate, Petiole short (<1/2 leaf length) Whole, Oval Entire A: Rounded; B: Rounded, Cordate >1", Coriaceous (leathery) 5 parts; P: Connate Pink; White Raceme, Terminal, Clustered <1", Spring Shrub, <1', Decumbent Pubescent Forest Hopkins Forest, upper trail; Cape Cod Trailing arbutus Epigaea repens Mayflower
Alpine wintergreen Gaultheria humifusa Gaultheria alternate whole, ovate, elliptical entire, s. serrate <1" berry red <1/2" shrub, <1' LV raw, FR raw Coniferous forest ground cover Uinta NF UT Alpine wintergreen Gaultheria humifusa alpine spicy wintergreen
Wintergreen Gaultheria procumbens Gaultheria Opposite; Whorled, Petiole short (<1/2 leaf length), Evergreen Whole, Oval; Obovate Entire A: Rounded, Mucronate >1", Coriaceous (leathery), mottled 5 parts; P: Sympetalous (united) White Raceme, Axillary, drooping <1", Spring Berry Red <1" Shrub, <1', Runner Red Fruit raw Forest Cape Cod; Hopkins Forest Wintergreen Gaultheria procumbens Checkerberry; Teaberry
Black huckleberry Gaylussacia baccata Gaylussacia Alternate; pointing upward, Petiole short (<1/2 leaf length) WholeOblong Entire A: Acute; B: Acute Resinous 5 parts; P: Connate Red/Pink/Orange Raceme, Along stem Spring Berry (several-seeded, inner & outer fleshy, pulpy) Black; Blue <1"; Summer Shrub, >1', Erect B: Imbricate, red, cylindrical Fruit raw Forest Hopkins Forest Black huckleberry Gaylussacia baccata High-bush huckleberry
Fetterbush Leucothoe racemosa Leucothoe Serrate (coarsely, finely) P: Connate White <1" Capsule (compound pistil, 2+ sutures) Wetland Fetterbush Leucothoe racemosa Swamp sweetbells
Common Name (Image)
Scientific Name (Notes)
Genus
LV: Attachment
LV: Shape
LV: Edge
LV: Apex/Base
LV: Size/Surface
FL: Petals/Sepals
FL: Color
FL: Arrangement
FL: Size/Season
FL: Stamen/Pistil/Ovary
FR: Type
FR: Color
FR: Size/Season
ST: Type/Size/Growth
ST: Surface/Color
ST: Buds/Roots
EC: Edible
EC: Habitat
EC: Observations
Common Name (Image)
Scientific Name (Notes)
Other Names
Maleberry Lyonia ligustrina Lyonia Alternate, Petiole short (<1/2 leaf length), Marcescent Whole, Obovate;Oblong Entire; Serrate (finely) A: Acute; B: Acute >1"; Glabrous 5 parts; P: Connate; Sympetalous (united); Reflexed White Raceme, Terminal Spring; Summer Capsule (compound pistil, 2+ sutures) Brown; Yellow <1" Tree; Shrub, >1'; >6', Erect Zig zag B: Valvate, appressed, red, acute Poisonous (Lyonia mariana) Forest; Wetland Hopkins Forest; Petersburg, NY Maleberry Lyonia ligustrina Privet-andromeda; Seedy-buckberry; Male-huckleberry; He-huckleberry
Fetterbush Lyonia lucida Lyonia Alternate, Petiole short (<1/2 leaf length), Evergreen Oblong Revolute Coriaceous (leathery) 5 parts; P: Connate; Sympetalous (united); Reflexed White; Pink Fascicle (clustered), Axillary, Drooping Capsule (compound pistil, 2+ sutures) Shrub, >1' Angled (3A) tw Poisonous (Lyonia mariana) LA Fetterbush Lyonia lucida
Lowbush blueberry Vaccinium angustifolium Vaccinium Lowbush blueberry Vaccinium angustifolium
Black highbush blueberry Vaccinium atrococcum Vaccinium Wetland; Forest Black highbush blueberry Vaccinium atrococcum
Highbush blueberry Vaccinium corymbosum Vaccinium Alternate 5 parts Berry Blue <1" Shrub, >1', Erect Fruit raw Wetland; Forest Highbush blueberry Vaccinium corymbosum
Large cranberry Vaccinium macrocarpon Vaccinium Alternate Whole, Spatulate Entire A: Obtuse Glabrous, Single vein 5 parts Red/Pink/Orange Raceme, Axillary Summer Berry Red <1" Shrub, <1', Procumbent Fruit raw Wetland; Coastal Cape Cod Large cranberry Vaccinium macrocarpon
Velvet-leaf blueberry Vaccinium myrtilloides Vaccinium Alternate 5 parts Berry Blue <1" Shrub, >1', Erect Fruit raw Forest Velvet-leaf blueberry Vaccinium myrtilloides
Early sweet blueberry Vaccinium pallidum Vaccinium Forest Early sweet blueberry Vaccinium pallidum
Common Name (Image)
Scientific Name (Notes)
Genus
LV: Attachment
LV: Shape
LV: Edge
LV: Apex/Base
LV: Size/Surface
FL: Petals/Sepals
FL: Color
FL: Arrangement
FL: Size/Season
FL: Stamen/Pistil/Ovary
FR: Type
FR: Color
FR: Size/Season
ST: Type/Size/Growth
ST: Surface/Color
ST: Buds/Roots
EC: Edible
EC: Habitat
EC: Observations
Common Name (Image)
Scientific Name (Notes)
Other Names
CLASSIFICATION
LEAVES
FLOWERS
FRUIT
STEM
ECOLOGY
CLASSIFICATION