Plant Identification Database:
Compositae (Daisy)
Cichorieae [Dandelion]
Order: Asterales; Class: Dicotyledonae

The plant data on this site are a record of Bob Ronnow's field observations
which vary in accuracy and change with experience. For accurate and complete
information please use the links provided for each plant species and family.

Plant Families
Glossary of Botanical Terms

CLASSIFICATION
LEAVES
FLOWERS
FRUIT
STEM
ECOLOGY
CLASSIFICATION
Common Name (Image)
Scientific Name (Notes)
Genus
LV: Attachment
LV: Shape
LV: Edge
LV: Apex/Base
LV: Size/Surface
FL: Petals/Sepals
FL: Color
FL: Arrangement
FL: Size/Season
FL: Stamen/Pistil/Ovary
FR: Type
FR: Color
FR: Size/Season
ST: Type/Size/Growth
ST: Surface/Color
ST: Buds/Roots
EC: Edible
EC: Habitat
EC: Observations
Common Name (Image)
Scientific Name (Notes)
Other Names
Compositae/Cichorieae: LV: alternate/basal; FL: 7+ florets, head, ray only, petals imbricate apex truncate u. serrate, imbricate bracts, ovary inferior; FR: achene; ST: u. herb/shrub, milky juice; EC: LV u. edible raw, RT o. edible raw
alternate/basal 7+ florets, imbricate, apex truncate u. serrate White; Yellow; Orange; Red; Pink; Blue; Violet; Green; Brown head, ray only, imbricate bracts O: inferior achene u. herb/shrub milky juice LV u. raw, RT o. raw Compositae/Cichorieae: LV: alternate/basal; FL: 7+ florets, head, ray only, petals imbricate apex truncate u. serrate, imbricate bracts, ovary inferior; FR: achene; ST: u. herb/shrub, milky juice; EC: LV u. edible raw, RT o. edible raw
Chickory Cichorium intybus Cichorium Alternate, Clasping 7 or more florets Blue/Violet Herb, >1', Erect LV raw, RT raw/cooked Waste places; Grassland/Fields; Roadside Chickory Cichorium intybus
Smooth hawksbeard Crepis capillaris Crepis 7 or more florets LV raw Grassland/Fields; Waste places Smooth hawksbeard Crepis capillaris
Orange hawkweed; Devil's paintbrush Hieracium aurantiacum Hieracium 7 or more florets Red/Pink/Orange Orange hawkweed; Devil's paintbrush Hieracium aurantiacum
King-devil Hieracium caespitosum Hieracium King-devil Hieracium caespitosum
Hawkweed Hieracium canadense Hieracium Forest; Roadside Hawkweed Hieracium canadense
Hawkweed Hieracium flagellare Hieracium Hawkweed Hieracium flagellare
Smoothish hawkweed; King-devil Hieracium floribundum Hieracium 7 or more florets Smoothish hawkweed; King-devil Hieracium floribundum
Hawkweed Hieracium gronovii Hieracium Forest Hawkweed Hieracium gronovii
Panicled hawkweed Hieracium paniculatum Hieracium 7 or more florets Panicled hawkweed Hieracium paniculatum
Mouse-ear hawkweed Hieracium pilosella Hieracium 7 or more florets Grassland/Fields Mouse-ear hawkweed Hieracium pilosella
Common Name (Image)
Scientific Name (Notes)
Genus
LV: Attachment
LV: Shape
LV: Edge
LV: Apex/Base
LV: Size/Surface
FL: Petals/Sepals
FL: Color
FL: Arrangement
FL: Size/Season
FL: Stamen/Pistil/Ovary
FR: Type
FR: Color
FR: Size/Season
ST: Type/Size/Growth
ST: Surface/Color
ST: Buds/Roots
EC: Edible
EC: Habitat
EC: Observations
Common Name (Image)
Scientific Name (Notes)
Other Names
King-devil Hieracium piloselloides Hieracium King-devil Hieracium piloselloides
Rough hawkweed Hieracium scabrum Hieracium Forest Rough hawkweed Hieracium scabrum
Cat's ear Hypochoeris radicata Hypochoeris Grassland/Fields Cat's ear Hypochoeris radicata
Dwarf dandelion Krigia virginica Krigia Dwarf dandelion Krigia virginica
Wild blue lettuce Lactuca biennis Lactuca LV raw Wild blue lettuce Lactuca biennis
Wild lettuce Lactuca canadensis Lactuca 7 or more florets <1" Leaf raw Wild lettuce Lactuca canadensis
Prickly lettuce Lactuca scariola Lactuca Parted 7 or more florets Yellow <1" leaf cooked Roadside; Waste places Prickly lettuce Lactuca scariola
Nipplewort Lapsana communis Lapsana Nipplewort Lapsana communis
Fall dandelion Leontodon autumnalis Leontodon Grassland/Fields; Roadside Fall dandelion Leontodon autumnalis
Tall white lettuce; Rattlesnake-root Prenanthes altissima Prenanthes 7 or more florets Tall white lettuce; Rattlesnake-root Prenanthes altissima
Common Name (Image)
Scientific Name (Notes)
Genus
LV: Attachment
LV: Shape
LV: Edge
LV: Apex/Base
LV: Size/Surface
FL: Petals/Sepals
FL: Color
FL: Arrangement
FL: Size/Season
FL: Stamen/Pistil/Ovary
FR: Type
FR: Color
FR: Size/Season
ST: Type/Size/Growth
ST: Surface/Color
ST: Buds/Roots
EC: Edible
EC: Habitat
EC: Observations
Common Name (Image)
Scientific Name (Notes)
Other Names
Gall-of-the-earth Prenanthes trifoliolata Prenanthes Forest Gall-of-the-earth Prenanthes trifoliolata
Sow-thistle; Field sow-thistle Sonchus arvensis Sonchus Alternate, Sessile; Petiole short (<1/2 leaf length) Lanceolate, Cleft Serrate (coarsely) A: Acute >1" 7 or more florets, Truncate Yellow Terminal, Raceme, bracts bristly Herb, <1', Erect Pubescent LV raw Waste places; Grasslands/Fields; Roadside Sow-thistle; Field sow-thistle Sonchus arvensis
Spiny sow-thistle; Spiny-leaved sow-thistle Sonchus asper Sonchus Alternate, Clasping Whole, Ovate Serrate (coarsely); Involute A: Acute <1" 7 or more florets, Truncate Yellow Herb, >1', Erect LV raw Waste places; Roadside Spiny sow-thistle; Spiny-leaved sow-thistle Sonchus asper
Common sow-thistle; Annual sow-thistle Sonchus oleraceus Sonchus Alternate, Clasping; Petiole short (<1/2 leaf length) Lanceolate, Cleft Serrate (coarsely) A: Acute >1" 7 or more florets, Truncate Yellow Terminal Spring; Summer; Fall Herb, >1', Erect Angled LV raw Waste places; Grasslands/Fields; Roadside Common sow-thistle; Annual sow-thistle Sonchus oleraceus
Common dandelion; Brown-seeded dandelion Taraxacum officinale Taraxacum Basal, Petiole short (<1/2 leaf length) Oblanceolate, Cleft Toothed (irregular serration) A: Acuminate, B: Acute >1" 7 or more florets Yellow Head-flat-topped, Scapose Achene White <1" Herb, <1' Leaf raw; Flower raw; root cooked Grassland/Fields; Waste places Common dandelion; Brown-seeded dandelion Taraxacum officinale
Salsify Tragopogon dubius Tragopogon Alternate; Reflexed; Drooping, Sheath; Clasping Linear; Lanceolate, Whole Entire A: Acuminate >6" 7 or more florets Yellow bracts longer than florets >1", May-Sep achene Herb, 1-3', Erect Leaf raw; Root raw Waste places; Grassland/Fields Field along road to Hopkins Forest; San Juan NF CO Salsify Tragopogon dubius western salsify, western goat's-beard, wild oysterplant, yellow salsify, yellow goat's beard, goat's beard, goatsbeard, common salsify
Common Name (Image)
Scientific Name (Notes)
Genus
LV: Attachment
LV: Shape
LV: Edge
LV: Apex/Base
LV: Size/Surface
FL: Petals/Sepals
FL: Color
FL: Arrangement
FL: Size/Season
FL: Stamen/Pistil/Ovary
FR: Type
FR: Color
FR: Size/Season
ST: Type/Size/Growth
ST: Surface/Color
ST: Buds/Roots
EC: Edible
EC: Habitat
EC: Observations
Common Name (Image)
Scientific Name (Notes)
Other Names
CLASSIFICATION
LEAVES
FLOWERS
FRUIT
STEM
ECOLOGY
CLASSIFICATION