Why, Petruchio is coming in a new hat and an old jerkin


Bion. Why, Petruchio is coming in a new hat and an old jerkin; a pair of old breeches thrice turn'd; a pair of boots that have been candle-cases, one buckled, another lac'd; an old rusty sword ta'en out of the town armory, with a broken hilt, and chapeless; with two broken points; his horse hipp'd, with an old mothy saddle and stirrups of no kindred; besides, possess'd with the glanders and like to mose in the chine, troubled with the lampass, infected with the fashions, full of windgalls, sped with spavins, ray'd with the yellows, past cure of the fives, stark spoil'd with the staggers, begnawn with the bots, sway'd in the back, and shoulder-shotten, near-legged before, and with a half-cheek'd bit and a head-stall of sheep's leather, which being restrain'd to keep him from stumbling, hath been often burst, and now repair'd with knots; one girth six times piec'd, and a woman's crupper of velure, which hath two letters for her name fairly set down in studs, and here and there piec'd with packthread.
Bap. Who comes with him?
Bion. O, sir, his lackey, for all the world caparison'd like the horse; with a linen stock on one leg, and a kersey boot-hose on the other, gart'red with a red and blue list; an old hat, and the humor of forty fancies prick'd in't for a feather: a monster, a very monster in apparel, and not like a Christian footboy or a gentleman's lackey.


                                                                     –The Taming of the Shrew: III, ii, 43-71


jerkin: jacket; candle-cases: receptacles for candle ends (because no longer fit to wear); chapeless: without a chape, the metal tip of the sheath; points: tagged laces for attaching hose to doublet; hipp'd: lame in the hip (most of the diseases here named are discussed in Gervase Markham's How to Choose, Ride, Train and Diet . . .Horses, 1593); glanders: swelling underneath the horse's jaw; mose in the chine: suffer from a dark discharge from the nostrils (a characteristic of glanders); lampass: a thick, spongy skin over a horse's upper teeth, making eating almost impossible; fashions: farcins, small tumors on the horse's body; windgalls: soft tumors generally found on the fetlock joint; spavins: a disease of the hock; yellows: jaundice; fives: swellings at the base of the ear; staggers: a disease causing a staggering gait; bots: intestinal worms; shoulder-shotten: with a dislocated shoulder; near-legg'd before: with knock-kneed forelegs; half-cheek'd: loose; head-stall: part of the bridle over the head; crupper: strap fastened to the saddle and passing under the horse's tail; kersey boot-hose: coarse woollen stocking for wearing under boots; list: strip of cloth; humor of forty fancies: some ornament of highly whimsical design


William Shakespeare, from The Taming of the Shrew.